Carpet Cleaning Techniques


Synthetic Carpets
Regular Care: Vacuuming – To remove visible dirt with numerous passes in different directions. Use a beater brush mechanism, set to the highest level. Try to change bag as soon as possible because suction decreases after that.
Liquid Spills – Clean immediately, use the blot technique rather than scrubbing. If the area discolors, there’s probably a sticky residue that has trapped dirt. Bloat while misting warm water.
Deep Cleaning on Your Own: Professional steam cleaning works is the absolute best on carpeting and may be required by the manufactures warranty. If you want to do it yourself, vacuum daily, then use an amateur cleaning machine from a rental company (avoid super market machines as they are weak). Test the cleaning solution by pouring a few drops into a saucer and allowing to evaporate (a hair drier speeds the process). If the dried residue in the saucer remains sticky, then try another cleaner. Use fans or air-conditioning units to quickly dry carpet. Area rugs can be cleaned using the same methods.
Wool Carpeting
Daily Cleaning: Vacuuming – Follow the instructions above, but do not use a rotary brush on loop-pile carpets; the yarn may fuzz. Use a floor tool instead.
Liquid Spills – Clean by misting with water and blotting, as mentioned above.
Deep-Cleaning On Your Own: For both area rugs and carpets, home cleaning is not recommended because wool fibers absorb more water than synthetic fibers do. These are best left to the professionals to ensure the stain is removed without damaging the material.
Manufacturers recommend that you call a professional to thoroughly clean your carpets..

DIY Removing Stains Tips
Sometimes commercial cleaners are not the best solution for a suborn stain; here are some everyday do it yourself cleaning solutions:

Stain Type: pop, berries, candy, chocolate, coffee, gravy, ice cream.
Best Cleaner: Hydrogen Peroxide cleans these stains without breaking down carpet color dyes.
Mix: Buy 3% solution at a pharmacy and use full strength.
Technique: Scoop up solids with a knife. Blot liquids liberally. Rinse thoroughly. If stain remains then use soapy water and rinse. Repeat. If you are not seeing results dab hydrogen peroxide on. Wait for a few hours then repeat method if necessary.

Stain Type: Cat urine, beer.
Best Solution: Full strength White Vinegar, a mild acid, neutralizes alkaline spills.
Mix: Dilute 1 cup white vinegar in 1 cup water.
Technique: Blot up spill and rinse. If stain remains then use soapy water and rinse thoroughly. Repeat until spot is no longer visable.

Stain Type: ketchup, cough syrup, soy sauce, watercolor paint, acidic substances.
Cleaner: Ammonia neutralizes any acidic spills.
Mix: Dilute 1 tablespoon in 1/2 cup water.
Note: Never use on wool fibers; it will destroy the fibers. Rather dilute spill with plain water.
Technique: Soak up liquid spills. Scrape off solids with a utensil. Use diluted ammonia solution with a spray bottle or a saturated towel. Apply pressure on the area with dry towel. Rinse. If stain remains you should call a professional to assist, ammonia must be used cautiously.
Caution: Ammonia is dangerous. Use proper ventilation.

Stain Type: Oily substances, asphalt and tar, wax and crayon, grease, hand lotion, ballpoint ink, makeup.
Best solution: Rubbing Alcohol dissolves oily or waxy substances and is much safer than solvents in commercial spot cleaners.
Mix: Use full strength right from the bottle. Do not let it puddle; it may destroy the carpet backing.
Technique: Soak up or scrape off as much as possible. Use 90% rubbing alcohol with a towel or cotton ball. For stubborn stains, blot with a clean towel, and repeat until towel remains clean. If spill is on the carpet tips then work material out by gently rubbing in the same direction instead of blotting. If stain remains, blot with soapy water and rinse and repeat. If needed add hydrogen peroxide as described above.

Stain Type: chewing gum, nail polish, rust, industrial etc
Technique: For chewing gum: Freeze with ice, break off pieces, and manually pick them out. If that doesn’t work, go to a supply store for a spray that freezes the gum and allows you to scrape it off. For rust: Apply soapy water. Rinse. Repeat until improvement stops. If stain persists, call a professional cleaner.
For nail polish: Dab on nail-polish remover with a cotton ball and then use a clean cloth.

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